In Slavic mythology Rod is the first god progenitor of deities, creator of the Universe and its manager. He is the supreme universal principle, which established the divine law Pravda (Prav). He is a protector of blood-ties and clan relations, a patron of kinship and clan unions.
At the beginning of Time, at the very beginning of the Cosmos, only Rod existed and there was nothing around him. He later created the Universe and the three worlds Jav, Prav and Nav, and arranged everything inside them. Rod also introduced the superior principle of balance between elements and enforced the highest law « Pravda », which every creature and power (physical or metaphysical, material or energy) must obey.
Rod is a protector of fruits, birth, and family. In some Slavic languages, all of the following nouns have a common root – ROD (urod [fruits], rodjenje [birth], porodica [family]). The following words also contain ROD in their roots: rodjak [cousin], rodbina [relatives], porod [offspring], priroda [nature], narod [people]. This shows how much the Slavs respected Rod and to which extent they saw the foundation of everything in him.
Chronicler of German Bishop Gerald Gelmold in 1156, wrote: « Among the many deities, they (Slavs) devote fields, forests, their joys and sorrows, and they recognize the one God, ruling over them in heaven, recognize that He is omnipotent, cares only about business heaven, the other gods obey him, perform their duties and that they are of the blood, and each of them is the more important the closer it is to the god of the gods. » This « God of gods » in the Western Slavs call Sventovita likely, this is one of the main incarnations of Roda.
Byzantine writer Gregory, who lived in the XII century, the « Word of idols » reported that the cult of Rod – is one of the world’s religions. Christian writers did not make sense to glorify « pagan » religion, and yet, he argued that Rod once worshiped in Egypt (under the name of Osiris), Babylon, Greece (where he was allegedly known as the god Apollo), Rome, and Slavic lands. Of course, he shamelessly confused the names of gods, but still knew that Rod – one of the highest deities worshiped in different parts of the world. In the same XII century was written and « Word of the Prophet Isaiah, » in which the author compares the Rod and his two rozhanits the Phoenician god Baal, « sitting in the sky. » The more he scolds native Russian God, the clearer it becomes that Rod – not ugly idol, and the ancient lord of the skies.
Even after the Baptism of Russia, hundreds of years later, the Slavs continued annually on September 8 feasts in honor of the great god Rod. And it is clear: no one wanted to pass for Ivan, oblivious of their relationship! In the XVI century, the Russian Christian clergy was still in advocacy. So, in a manuscript that time said: « Everyone is a creator God bo, not Rod. » People are not arguing, agreed: « It is right, the world is begotten creator. Therefore, the name – Rod. » So him and called in the Russian translations of the Bible – « rododatel. »
In the sixteenth century, the « Charter of St. Sava » find a confessional question: « Do not sbludila bogomerzkih fornication with women, not whether molilasya forks, or Rod and rozhanits and Perun, and Horsa, and Mokosh, ate and drank? » Rozhanits holiday celebrated on the day after the fall of the feast in honor of Rod – 9 September. At this time, when the summer harvest and the crop is harvested behind, you can eat and drink at pleasure, without fear of future misery – hunger and cold. Later, the Catholic Church launched an early September Nativity of the Virgin, where there is a « blessing of the loaves. » The second holiday Rod and rozhanits reported after December 25.
In the early times of the world was in darkness. But God has revealed the golden egg, which was signed Rod – Parent of all. Rhode begat Love – Lada-mother, and by the power of love destroyed his prison, created the universe – an infinite number of worlds star and our earthly world.
Then the sun came out from his presence.
Month of light – from his breast.
Stars frequent – from the eyes of Him.
Dawns clear – from his brow.
Dark night – but from his thoughts.
Winds boisterous – out of breath ..
« Book of Doves »
When divided Purusha
Brahman became his mouth …
Moon was born from the idea
Eye of the Sun arose,
Out of my head there was the sky …
« Rigveda », X, 90
Modern pagans put idols Rod in the form of wooden phallic symbols, painted in red color. This may be just a pile of stone, which has counterparts in India, where the phallic linga represents Rudra. Idols are always placed in the open and the higher – the better. Rod for making idols are best used beech, elm, ash, but as these trees are rare, it is proposed to replace them with maple. Rod rites still unconsciously bring in the form of « Easter » eggs on the graves of their ancestors. A special celebration of Rod falls on 21 April (Orthodox Rodion-ledolom). This feast is called in pagan Radogoschem, honored himself Svarozhich as solar deity.